Saturday, November 01, 2014

Tamil Nadu ranks third in enrolment in higher education

Tamil Nadu has been ranked third in the country in the gross enrolment ratio (GER) as per the provisional survey on higher education (2012-13) of the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). Only Union territories of Chandigarh (51.3) and Puducherry (42.1) are ranked above the state, which has a GER score of 41. GER is calculated by dividing the number of college students in the 18-23 age group by the total population in that age group.

Experts say states and Union territories with a better GER in high and higher secondary levels and good college density will always rank high in enrolment in higher education. Delhi was placed fourth with a score of 38.5 followed by Uttrakhand (33.1) and Manipur (30.3). Daman & Diu was at the bottom with 4.3. Other states and Union territories with poor GER include Dadra & Nagar Haveli (6.3), Jharkhand (10.1), Bihar (11.2), Chhattisgarh and Lakshadweep (11.8) and Assam (12.8).

The national average is 21.1 (men 22.3 and women 19.8). The total enrolment in higher education has been estimated to be 29.6 million (men 16.3 million and women 13.3 million). Women constitute 45% of the total enrolment.

In terms of the number of colleges per 100,000 population in the 18-23 age group, Puducherry ranks first with 61 followed by Andhra Pradesh (48), Karnataka (44), Himachal Pradesh (38), Maharashtra (35), Kerala (34) and Tamil Nadu, Goa and Haryana with 33. The national average for college density is 25.

Lakshadweep, which does not have a single institution, is at the bottom, while Bihar and Daman & Diu have just six institutions per 100,000 population. College density is also poor in Jharkhand (7), Delhi, West Bengal and Dadra & Nagar Haveli (9) and Tripura (10). There are no universities in the Union territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep.

Women constituted 39% of the teaching population. There are just 64 women teachers per 100 male teachers. The survey covered all higher education institutions in the country — universities (665), colleges (35,829) and stand-alone institutions (11,443).

Source: The Times of India, November 1, 2014

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